Sister States, Enemy States: The Civil War in Kentucky and Tennessee
Brian D. McKnight
The fifteenth and sixteenth states to join the United States of America, Kentucky and Tennessee were cut from a common cloth―the rich region of the Ohio River Valley. Abounding with mountainous regions and fertile farmlands, these two slaveholding states were as closely tied to one another, both culturally and economically, as they were to the rest of the South. Yet when the Civil War erupted, Tennessee chose to secede while Kentucky remained part of the Union. The residents of Kentucky and Tennessee felt the full impact of the fighting as warring armies crossed back and forth across their borders. Due to Kentucky's strategic location, both the Union and the Confederacy sought to control it throughout the war, while Tennessee was second only to Virginia in the number of battles fought on its soil. Additionally, loyalties in each state were closely divided between the Union and the Confederacy, making wartime governance―and personal relationships―complex. In Sister States, Enemy States: The Civil War in Kentucky and Tennessee, editors Kent T. Dollar, Larry H. Whiteaker, and W. Calvin Dickinson explore how the war affected these two crucial states, and how they helped change the course of the war. Essays by prominent Civil War historians, including Benjamin Franklin Cooling, Marion Lucas, Tracy McKenzie, and Kenneth Noe, add new depth to aspects of the war not addressed elsewhere. The collection opens by recounting each state's debate over secession, detailing the divided loyalties in each as well as the overt conflict that simmered in East Tennessee. The editors also spotlight the war's overlooked participants, including common soldiers, women, refugees, African American soldiers, and guerrilla combatants. The book concludes by analyzing the difficulties these states experienced in putting the war behind them. The stories of Kentucky and Tennessee are a vital part of the larger narrative of the Civil War. Sister States, Enemy States offers fresh insights into the struggle that left a lasting mark on Kentuckians and Tennesseans, just as it left its mark on the nation.
Www.tennessee-scv.org/talleyA.html. Lieutenant Colonel Sanders said that Stanton “was shot through the breast and fell dead upon the field.” See Military Annals of Tennessee, 405. 28. Robert M. McBride and Dan M. Robison, Biographical Directory of the Tennessee General Assembly, 6 vols. (Nashville: Tennessee State Library and Archives, 1975–1991), 1:694. Lieutenant Colonel Sanders agreed that Stanton “was buried in the cemetery at Calhoun, Georgia.” See Military Annals of Tennessee, 405. It has.
Tennessee, the governor remained popular in the North, and Tennessee’s electoral votes might be necessary to help Lincoln win a close election against McClellan. Aware that he was under consideration for the nomination, Johnson in May encouraged his supporters to select delegates to attend the Republicans’ “National Union Convention” in Baltimore. Meetings in each section of the state chose a delegation committed to supporting Lincoln and Johnson. The convention welcomed Tennessee’s delegates.
Severance, Tennessee’s Radical Army, 51–52; Nashville Union and Dispatch, September 17, 1867. Brownlow’s legal position was supported by the Radical state supreme court, which, in its decision in Ridley v. Sherbrook (March 21, 1867), upheld the constitutionality of the franchise acts. See Patton, Unionism and Reconstruction, 120–23. 7. Governor Brownlow to General Cooper, September 22, 1867, GP 21, reel 1, box 1, folder 1, Papers of the Governors, Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville;.
Looking South: Chapters in the Story of an American Region, ed. Winfred B. Moore Jr. and Joseph F. Tripp (New York: Greenwood, 1989), 115–29. 13. E. Merton Coulter, William G. Brownlow: Fighting Parson of the Southern Highlands (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1937), 36, 61, 225. For a brief discussion of Coulter’s aggressive defense of the South, see Thomas J. Pressly, Americans Interpret Their Civil War (New York: Free Press, 1955), 286–87. There have been two other extended.
Of northern men” that was cited by Kentuckians as one of the primary reasons why they deemed it necessary to force Fee and his followers to leave the state.21 It has been written many times that slavery in Kentucky, and the Upper South in general, was of a milder form than what African Americans experienced in the Lower South. Despite the incongruity of this statement, there is ample evidence to support such an argument, but there are also sufficient examples to be found highlighting the harsh.