Seven Days Battles 1862: Lee’s defense of Richmond (Campaign, Volume 133)
Osprey's examination of the short yet crucial campaign of the American Civil War (1861-1865). When General Robert E. Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia, the Confederacy was in crisis. Lee changed all that in a brilliant, week-long campaign. On 26 June the Confederates struck, fighting two hard-fought battles in two days at Mechanicsville and Gaine's Mill. The ferocity of the Confederate assaults convinced McClellan that he was outnumbered. Unable to keep the Confederates at bay, the Union army was recalled to Washington. Despite losing a quarter of his men, Lee had saved Richmond, and inflicted a humiliating defeat on the Army of the Potomac.
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From Sumner's II Corps left behind to hold the line. (Stratford Archive) road that curved round to Old Cold Harbor, marching behind D.H. Hill's column. Lee established his headquarters in a farmhouse near the battlefield, and waited for his generals to move into position. Around 12.30pm the battle began as A.P. Hill sent forward his skirmish lines, driving the Union picket lines back toward Boatswain's Creek. Lieutenant Caldwell from South Carolina described the action: "We moved forward and.
Corps) 33 Sully's 1st Brigade 34 Burns' 2rd Brigade 35 Dana's 3nd Brigade 36 K Battery, 4th US Artillery 37 A Battery, 1st Rhode Island Artillery 38 I Battery, 1st US Artillery 39 II Corps Artillery 7. 6.00-7.00PM. To the north, R.H. Anderson can only pin Kearny's Division, but the collapse of McCall's line forces Kearny to give ground. Slocum shifts men west to seal any gap in the line. 5. 5.00PM. Without assistance from Huger or Jackson, the Confederates are forced to launch a series of.
Heintzelman and Franklin deploy around Glendale crossroads. Porter and Keyes continue on towards Malvern Hill. PM Jackson halts at the White Oak Swamp Bridge, and makes no other offensive moves that day. Huger's advance down the Charles City Road is also stalled, as is Holmes' advance down the River Road. Longstreet launches an attack toward Glendale using his own division and that of A. P. Hill. Despite being driven back, the Union line holds. The retreat continues. 1 July - Malvern Hill AM.
A. Armistead's Brigade 9th Virginia 14th Virginia 38th Virginia 53rd Virginia 57th Virginia (part of regiment in Walker's Brigade) 5th Virginia (battalion) Fauquier Artillery Battery (Virginia) - Captain Robert M. Stribling Goochland Artillery Battery (Virginia) - Captain William H Turner Brigadier General William Mahone's Brigade 6th Virginia 12th Virginia 16th Virginia 41 st Virginia 49th Virginia Portsmouth Artillery Battery (Virginia) - Captain Carey F. Grimes Lynchburg Beauregard Artillery.
Position near Mechanicsville on 25 June. This involved moving his army from the Shenandoah to Richmond by rail and foot, as the railroad ended at the South Anna River, where Union raiders had destroyed the bridges. The Virginia Central Railroad ran from Staunton at the southern end of the Shenandoah Valley through Charlottesville and Gordonsville before heading east for 40 miles to Hanover Junction. There Jackson's men would have to disembark, then cross the South Anna to Ashland, and from there.