Architecture in the United States (Oxford History of Art)
American architecture is astonishingly varied. From Native American sites in New Mexico and Arizona, and the ancient earthworks of the Mississippi Valley, to the most fashionable contemporary buildings of Chicago and New York, the United States boasts three thousand years of architectural history. It is characterized by the diversity of its builders and consumers who include Native American men and women, African, Asian, and European immigrants, as well as renowned professional architects and urban planners.
Leading historian Dell Upton's revolutionizing interpretation examines American architecture in relation to five themes: community, nature, technology, money, and art. In giving particular attention to indigenous, folk, ethnic, and popular architectures like Chaco Canyon, the Brooklyn Bridge, and Native American houses, as well as to the great monuments of traditional histories such as Jefferson's Monticello and Wright's Fallingwater, Architecture in the United States reveals the dazzling richness of America's human landscape.
CA. 2. Perkinsons, Chesterfield County, VA, late 18th century. Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA/photo Dell Upton. 3. Bronck Houses, Coxsackie, NY, (a) late 17th century; (b) 1738; (c) 1792; (d) mid-19th century. Drawing Dell Upton. 4. Thomas Jefferson: Monticello II, Charlottesville, VA, 17961809. Ground front. Photo Dell Upton. 5. Thomas Jefferson: Monticello II, Charlottesville, VA, 17961809. Ground floor plan with Monticello I superimposed. From W. H. Adams, Jefferson's.
Imagesstoriesof family life depicted in bricks and mortar. Most Americans lived differently, then as now. It is not possible even to say that those who lived in single-family houses lived as the architecture implied that they did. Nevertheless, these ideas, worked out differently from era to era and house to house, are woven through the Page 48 25 Frank Lloyd Wright Frederick C. Robie Residence, 1908, Chicago, III. single-family houses that have been so conspicuous an element of the American.
On the continent, but they assumed a new poignancy with the creation of an American republic in the late eighteenth century. Republican citizenship was a novel concept in modern world history and in architectural design. It reopened old debates about the role of political, cultural, and religious authority in the landscape. In the new republic, architecture was asked to shoulder new burdens of communal mythology and historical commemoration that aggravated, rather than resolved, these dilemmas of.
Evident in most early European-American statements about nature and the naturals masked a longstanding Judaeo-Christian ambivalence towards the land. The story of the Fall treated the natural world as a manifestation of divinity, rather than its antithesis. Before Adam sinned, Adam and Eve lived in a garden, a paradisal image in many of the world's cultures. Eden was a point of effortless contact with the divine. It was only after the Fall that people were condemned to labour, and forced to work.
That he was a gentleman, which, he said, fitted him to address the architectural needs of other gentlemen better than builders were able to do. On being named a Professor of the Franklin Institute, Walter asked for a letter confirming the appointment, 'as I want to use the title, and I have a delicacy in doing so without written authority'. 10 Professional training allied architects with the emerging middle classes and distinguished them from working-class builders. Increasingly, the road to a.