A Short History of Reconstruction, Updated Edition
From the “preeminent historian of Reconstruction” (New York Times Book Review), a newly updated abridged edition of the prize-winning classic work on the post-Civil War period which shaped modern America.
In this updated edition of the abridged Reconstruction, Eric Foner redefines how the post-Civil War period was viewed.
Reconstruction chronicles the way in which Americans—black and white—responded to the unprecedented changes unleashed by the war and the end of slavery. It addresses the quest of emancipated slaves’ searching for economic autonomy and equal citizenship, and describes the remodeling of Southern society; the evolution of racial attitudes and patterns of race relations; and the emergence of a national state possessing vastly expanded authority and one committed, for a time, to the principle of equal rights for all Americans.
This “masterful treatment of one of the most complex periods of American history” (New Republic) remains the standard work on the wrenching post-Civil War period—an era whose legacy still reverberates in the United States today.
Reconstruction Dilemmas of Wartime Reconstruction Of the Civil War’s many legacies, none proved so divisive as the series of questions that came to form the essence of Reconstruction. On what terms should the defeated Confederacy be reunited with the Union? Should Congress or the President establish these terms? What system of labor should replace plantation slavery? What should be the place of blacks in the political and social life of the South and of the nation? One definitive conclusion.
Challenge acts of discrimination by hotels, theaters, and railroads, and well before the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional in 1883, the law had become a dead letter. For all their doubts about Reconstruction, Congressional Republicans found the will to reaffirm their party’s image as the guardian of manufacturing and defender of fiscal responsibility. As the Forty-Third Congress drew to a close, it repealed the ten percent tariff reduction of 1872 and mandated the resumption of specie.
Liability in the North and less likely to provide a stable basis for a new Republican party in the South than a political alliance with forward-looking whites. Nonetheless, moderate Republicans believed Johnson’s Reconstruction policies required modification. Alarmed by the numerous “rebels” holding office in the South, they insisted on further guarantees of “loyalty” and hoped Johnson would repudiate talk of party realignment and stop meeting so openly with “obnoxious Democrats.” Equally.
To the Confederate cause. But from the outset, disloyalty was rife in the Southern mountains. Its western counties seceded from Virginia in 1861 and two years later reentered the Union as a separate state. From East Tennessee, long conscious of its remoteness from the rest of the state, thousands of men made their way through the mountains to enlist in the Union Army. Secret Union societies flourished in the Ozark mountains of northern Arkansas, from which 8,000 men eventually joined the federal.
Hamilton Fish, had the Klan “on the brain… . It has got to be a bore to listen twice a week to this thing. Judged by the percentage of Klansmen actually indicted and convicted, the fruits of “enforcement” seem small indeed, a few hundred men among thousands guilty of heinous crimes. But in restoring order, reinvigorating the morale of Southern Republicans, and enabling blacks to exercise their rights as citizens, the policy proved a success. By 1872, the federal government’s willingness to bring.