Landscape Turned Red: The Battle of Antietam
Stephen W. Sears
Combining brilliant military analysis with rich narrative history, Landscape Turned Red is the definitive work on the Battle of Antietam.
The Civil War battle waged on September 17, 1862, at Antietam Creek, Maryland, was one of the bloodiest in the nation's history: on this single day, the war claimed nearly 23,000 casualties. Here renowned historian Stephen Sears draws on a remarkable cache of diaries, dispatches, and letters to recreate the vivid drama of Antietam as experienced not only by its leaders but also by its soldiers, both Union and Confederate, to produce what the New York Times Book Review has called "the best account of the Battle of Antietam."
Hill and his officers worked desperately to rally the scattered infantry. They managed to collect a mixed force, mostly from Dick Anderson’s division, with the idea of swinging it around to the right to take the enemy in the flank. “At this point Genl. D. H. Hill was with us in person walking up and down our lines and speaking words of encouragement . . . ,” a man in the 9th Alabama recalled. “Genl. Hill in a clear loud voice gave the order—Attention—Charge!”48 Colonel Cross of the 5th New.
Captain Tompkins’s Rhode Island battery provided strong fire support until noon, expending more than a thousand rounds, but its replacement battery had to withdraw hastily when Colonel Cooke attacked. The long-range Parrotts east of the Antietam were very active, yet often they fired blindly into the obscurity of battle smoke and were unable to suppress the Rebel gunners. There was much admiration expressed at headquarters for the gallantry of Captain William Graham’s battery, the only one sent.
Or four times a day with iodine; “She obeyed the doctors by painting it, I think, three or four hundred times a day.” Thanks to his wife’s ministrations and his own iron constitution, Gordon would return to the army within three months. Many quests lacked such happy endings. It was his “sad duty,” one searcher wrote his family, to report that William Cullen Robinson of the 83rd New York had died six days after being shot in the head in the struggle for the Cornfield: “I bought a rough coffin.
Went down the chain of command. He would bring Lee’s army to battle the next day. Before the armies came, Sharpsburg, Maryland, was a quiet place, an entirely ordinary little rural community where the roads came together. In September 1862 it was just a year short of being a century old, having been founded a dozen years before the Revolution and named in honor of Maryland colonial governor Horatio Sharpe.25 Its main street was called Main Street, and there was the usual proportion of churches.
Struggle. Jackson had been able to meet force with equal force in the successive attacks, and the two sides were about where they had been when the killing began at dawn. Of the three Confederate brigades under General Lawton that made their fight on the Mumma farm and in the pasture south of the Cornfield, one of every two men had been hit. Lawton was wounded, one brigade commander was dead and a second wounded, and eleven of the fifteen regimental commanders were casualties. A third of the.