Gettysburg: The Last Invasion (Vintage Civil War Library)
Winner of the Guggenheim-Lehrman Prize in Military History
An Economist Best Book of the Year
A Kirkus Reviews Best Nonfiction Book of the Year
The Battle of Gettysburg has been written about at length and thoroughly dissected in terms of strategic importance, but never before has a book taken readers so close to the experience of the individual soldier.
Two-time Lincoln Prize winner Allen C. Guelzo shows us the face, the sights and the sounds of nineteenth-century combat: the stone walls and gunpowder clouds of Pickett’s Charge; the reason that the Army of Northern Virginia could be smelled before it could be seen; the march of thousands of men from the banks of the Rappahannock in Virginia to the Pennsylvania hills. What emerges is a previously untold story of army life in the Civil War: from the personal politics roiling the Union and Confederate officer ranks, to the peculiar character of artillery units. Through such scrutiny, one of history’s epic battles is given extraordinarily vivid new life.
Lower than Sherfy’s peach orchard out at the Emmitsburg Road. And in between his “swale” and the road stretched three-quarters of a mile, bisected by a stony ridge which would be “unfit for artillery & [a] bad front for infantry.” The solution would be to move his two divisions up to the Emmitsburg Road and Sherfy’s peach orchard, where they would have the advantage of “the commanding ground.”24 Hunt shifted uneasily. Examining the proposed Emmitsburg Road line with Sickles, Hunt pointed out.
Innate sense of personal superiority, Wright did not endear himself to the Virginia elite in the Army of Northern Virginia. And he had narrowly missed a bushwhacker’s bullet near Hagerstown that “cut off some of his long, black, curly hair.”13 Wright’s temper was improved neither by a “severe indisposition” that made him “very sick” the day before nor by the lay of the land he now had before him. Wright’s brigade, along with Posey’s and then William Mahone’s reserve brigade, were “placed in line.
Times (November 4, 1882); Joseph Hayes and Alexander Webb interview with Alexander Kelly (November 26, 1905), in Generals in Bronze, 135, 154; Priest, Into the Fight, 111–12; Swallow, “The Third Day at Gettysburg,” 567; Capt. R. H. Douthat to J. W. Daniel (January 14, 1905) and Erasmus Williams, “A Private’s Experience in the 14th Virginia at Gettysburg,” in John Warwick Daniel Papers, Special Collections, University of Virginia; Fields, 28th Virginia Infantry, 26; Teague, “Right Gone Awry,” 211;.
The left and the right of the road. (Levi Mumper) Courtesy of William A. Frassanito, Gettysburg Then and Now: Touring the Battlefield with Old Photos, 1865–1889 (1996) The Wheat Field Lane looking east from the stony ridge across the wheat field and Houck’s Ridge toward Little Round Top; the monument in the center marks the place where Brigadier General Samuel Zook was mortally wounded on July 2, 1863. (Illustration Credit bm2.27) Confederate dead, probably of Paul Semmes’ brigade, on.
Training school, where Ewell, as a newly coined second lieutenant, had his first posting. (James Longstreet had also been assigned there in 1848; so had Robert E. Lee’s nephew Fitzhugh Lee, whom the Carlisle newspapers would shortly be denouncing as an “incarnate fiend.”) The citizens of Carlisle, represented by two members of the town council, William N. Penrose and Robert Allison, went out of their way to assure Ewell that there would be no resistance.25 The Carlisle Barracks consisted of.