1861: The Civil War Awakening
As the United States marks the 150th anniversary of our defining national drama, 1861 presents a gripping and original account of how the Civil War began.
1861 is an epic of courage and heroism beyond the battlefields. Early in that fateful year, a second American revolution unfolded, inspiring a new generation to reject their parents’ faith in compromise and appeasement, to do the unthinkable in the name of an ideal. It set Abraham Lincoln on the path to greatness and millions of slaves on the road to freedom.
The book introduces us to a heretofore little-known cast of Civil War heroes—among them an acrobatic militia colonel, an explorer’s wife, an idealistic band of German immigrants, a regiment of New York City firemen, a community of Virginia slaves, and a young college professor who would one day become president. Adam Goodheart takes us from the corridors of the White House to the slums of Manhattan, from the mouth of the Chesapeake to the deserts of Nevada, from Boston Common to Alcatraz Island, vividly evoking the Union at this moment of ultimate crisis and decision.
1861 (Madison, Wisc., 1961), p. 43. Clay, appropriately enough, had enjoyed many a mint julep at the Willard’s renowned bar. 64. L. E. Chittenden, A Report on the Debates and Proceedings in the Secret Sessions of the Conference Convention, for Proposing Amendments to the Constitution of the United States, Held at Washington, D.C., in February, A.D. 1861 (New York, 1864), p. 14. 65. Henry Adams to Charles Francis Adams, Feb. 13 and 8, 1861, in J. C. Levenson et al., eds., The Letters of Henry.
E. Vacha, “The Case of Sara Lucy Bagby: A Late Gesture,” Ohio History, vol. 76, no. 4 (Autumn 1967), p. 224; Cleveland Herald, Jan. 19, 1861, reprinted in Cincinnati Daily Commercial, Jan. 21, 1861; Judith Luckett, “Local Studies and Larger Issues: The Case of Sara Bagby,” Teaching History, vol. 27, no. 2 (Fall 2002), pp. 88–89; Anti-Slavery Bugle (Salem, Ohio), Jan. 26, 1861. Rumor in the local African-American community held that Bagby had been betrayed by a black woman named Graves, who, for.
Apr. 15, 1861; Strong Diary, in Nevins and Thomas, p. 182. 113. Brooklyn Eagle, Apr. 15, 1861; New-York Tribune, Apr. 15, 1861; New York Herald, Apr. 13 and 15, 1861; Imogene Spaulding, “The Attitude of California to the Civil War,” Quarterly of the Historical Society of Southern California, vol. 9, p. 122. 114. Nicolay and Hay, Abraham Lincoln, vol. 4, pp. 68–75; Burlingame, Abraham Lincoln, vol. 2, p. 132. 115. Isaac W. Hayne to AL, Apr. 13, 1861, and H. W. Denslow to AL, Apr. 13, 1861, both.
To Scott, May 24, 1861; Boston Traveller, May 28, 1861. 12. OR I, vol. 1, 195; Samuel W. Crawford Diary, Mar. 11, 1861, Crawford Papers, LC. 13. Fred A. Shannon, “The Federal Government and the Negro Soldier, 1861–1865,” Journal of Negro History, vol. 11, no. 4 (Oct. 1926), p. 566; OR II, vol. 1, p. 593. 14. Nash, Stormy Petrel, chaps. 1–3; Butler’s Book, pp. 75–77. 15. Murray M. Horowitz, “Ben Butler and the Negro: ‘Miracles Are Occurring,’ ” Louisiana History, vol. 17, no. 2 (Spring 1976),.
Had left Major Anderson on the island “with his hands tied” for three months while the rebels armed for the attack—so that now “he will almost certainly surrender to the traitors or perish.” Here he set the letter down, unable to continue. By the time he picked it up again the next morning, word had come that Anderson had, indeed, struck his colors. Yet Garfield’s spirits had lifted. He and Jacob Cox, his roommate and fellow senator, had just been to see the governor—who, flatteringly, had wished.